Mindfulness is the psychological process of bringing one's attention to experiences occurring in the present moment,[1][2][3] which one can develop through the practice of meditation and through other training.[2][4][5] The term "mindfulness” is derived from the Pali term sati, "memory,"[6] "retention,"[7] "mindfulness, alertness, self-possession,"[6] which is a significant element of Buddhist traditions,[8][9] while the concept is related to ZenVipassanā, and Tibetan meditation techniques.[10][11] While "mindfulness" has been translated and interpreted as "bare cognition," in a Buddhist context it has a wider meaning and purpose, related to vipassana, namely discerning what is beneficial and what is not, and calming the mind by this discernment.[12][13][14] Individuals who have contributed to the popularity of mindfulness in the modern Western context include Thích Nhất Hạnh (1926 – ), Herbert Benson (1935 – ), Jon Kabat-Zinn (1944 – ), and Richard J. Davidson (1951 – ).[15][16][17]



Mindfulness by Ellen J. Langer

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